Learn about Indigenous primary health care services provision, Indigenous informed research and evaluation approaches and the work of AHACs, ACHCs, and partnering Indigenous health researchers and scholars.



(Anishinaabe word for ‘All Our Relations’)

Creating Safer Environments for
Indigenous Peoples

IPHCC has developed the Ne’iikaanigaana Toolkit-Creating Safer Environments for Indigenous Peoples, to support organizations on their journey towards cultural safety.

Ne’iikaanigaana (knee-kah-nih-gih-nah) is an Anishinaabe word generally thought to mean ‘all our relations’, with a more literal meaning of ‘seeing ourselves reflected in creation. We are the pine trees, the flowers, the water, the animals, and they are us.’


(Ojibway word for ‘able to take, carry it’)

COVID-19 Vaccine

This toolkit is designed to support Indigenous organizations with the planning and implementation of community-level COVID-19 vaccination clinics, in collaboration with mainstream organizations such as local public health units, primary care agencies, and/or hospital settings.

We would like to thank Dr. Annelind Wakegjig and Dr. Rebecca Wray for reviewing the Gashkiwidoon toolkit and lending their clinical expertise. Gashkiwidoon (gash-ga-we-toon) is an Ojibway word thought to mean ‘able to take, carry it’.


The IPHCC has developed Train-the-Trainer Approaches for:

Staff Delivering Cultural Safety Workshops

Cultural safety workshops are a preferred mode of delivery for most organizations, with live and in person seen as the primary mechanism. However, virtual workshops can also be impactful when planned and implemented in an engaging manner. 9 Workshops can be an effective tool to develop community, build in dialogue, reflect on actions and create plans for culturally safe care for Indigenous peoples.

Staff Facilitating Cultural Safety Discussion Forums

Cultural safety discussion forums are typically done asynchronously and online; meaning that there is no real time interactions and participants post/access when the forum can fit into their schedules. This method can have positive impacts for participant learning who engage at their own pace and then have time to critically reflect on the conversations.

Staff Monitoring Online Cultural Safety Module/s

Online cultural safety module/s are typically done asynchronously and digitally where the participants log into a learning platform and self-pace their work. 9 This method has both strengths and challenges; the positive is that participants complete the module/s in tandem with their own schedules, but, the negative is that ICS transformative learning outcomes can be more difficult to achieve.